Top 10 weapon exporting countries

2013

The five largest suppliers of major conventional weapons during the five-year period 2008–12 were the United States (30 per cent of global arms exports), Russia (26 per cent), Germany (7 per cent), France (6 per cent) and China (5 per cent). This is the first time that the UK has not been in the top five since at least 1950, the earliest year covered by SIPRI data. China’s displacement of the UK is the first change in the composition of the top five exporters in 20 years.

瑞典智库“斯德哥尔摩国际和平研究所”(Stockholm International Peace Research Institute,SIPRI)3月18日发布《2012年国际军火流向趋势》(Trends in international arms transfers, 2012),其中数据显示,中国已取代英国成为全球第五大常规武器出口国,这是冷战结束后,中国军火工业的重要里程碑。

SIPRI资料显示,2008年到2012年五年期间,全球五大常规武器国分别是美国(占全球军火出口的30%)、俄罗斯(26%)、德国(7%)、法国(6%)、以及中国(5%)。英国则是1950年SIPRI开始搜集全球军火流向资料以来,首次掉出前五大排行榜。中国的加入,也是过去20年来全球五大军火出口国名单的首次变动。

新华社引述俄罗斯军工新闻网报导称,2003年到2010年八年间,中国共向39个国家输出各种武器装备,其中13国的军火交易额逾1亿美元(6.21亿元人民币),依销售金额排名分别是:巴基斯坦(28.24亿美元)、埃及(4.59亿美元)、委内瑞拉(3.45亿美元)、摩洛哥(3.45亿美元)、孟加拉国(2.89亿美元)约旦(2.85亿美元)、尼日尼亚(2.51亿美元)、辛巴威(2.03亿美元)、阿拉伯联合大公国(2亿美元)、缅甸(2.53亿美元)、泰国(1.17亿美元)和、科威特、马来西亚(1亿美元)。

概观来看,中国自制军火74%销往亚洲与大洋洲,其次是非洲(13%)。巴基斯坦过去5年向中国购买大量军火,包括JF-17枭龙战机、F-22P型护卫舰、红旗-9防空导弹等防御主力武器,并后续扩大订制中国制战斗机、潜艇以及护卫舰,采购金额应会持续增加。

 

China becomes world’s fifth largest arms exporter, bypassing Britain in that ranking

Published March 17, 2013

STOCKHOLM – China has bypassed Britain as the world’s fifth largest arms exporter, a Swedish think-tank said Monday.

The volume of Chinese weapons exports rose by 162 percent in the five years 2008-2012, compared to the previous five-year period, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said in its report. That means China’s share of all international arms exports increased to 5 percent from 2 percent, and the country climbed to fifth from eighth in the rankings.

The largest buyer of Chinese weapons was Pakistan, which accounted for 55 percent of the country’s exports, followed by Myanmar with 8 percent and Bangladesh with 7 percent, SIPRI said.

“China’s rise has been driven primarily by large-scale arms acquisitions by Pakistan,” said Paul Holtom, director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme. “However, a number of recent deals indicate that China is establishing itself as a significant arms supplier to a growing number of important recipient states.”

Such deals include the sale of three frigates to Algeria, eight transport aircraft to Venezuela and 54 tanks to Morocco, SIPRI said.

The U.S. remains the world’s top arms exporter during the 2008-2012 period, with 30 percent of the global volume. Russia is second with 26 percent, Germany third with 7 percent, and France fourth with 6 percent, SIPRI said.

China’s move into the top-five means Britain (now in sixth place) dropped off the list of the top five for the first time since at least 1950, the earliest year covered by SIPRI data.

The institute said Asia dominated the global imports of weapons, with the top five importers all located in that region.

Here’s SIPRI’s list of the top 5 arms exporters in 2008-2012 (share of international exports in parenthesis):

1. United States (30 percent).

2. Russia (26).

3. Germany (7).

4. France (6).

5. China (5).

The top 5 arms importers in 2008-2012 (share of international imports in parenthesis):

1. India (12 percent).

2. China (6).

3. Pakistan (5).

4. South Korea (5).

5. Singapore (4).

Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/03/17/china-becomes-world-fifth-largest-arms-exporter-bypassing-britain-in-that/#ixzz2Yrf3Kf6Q

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