052D impression with 64 VLS cells and 8 incline-launched DH-10 LACMs

据加拿大《汉和防务评论》报道,052D是2003年下水的052C驱逐舰经过重大改进而来,目前已有3艘在江南造船厂下水。

052D沿用了052C的舰体布局,与伯克级类似。最醒目的变化,在于舰桥外围的四面相控阵雷达天线,取消了052C的圆弧形外壳,改为平板,并且放大了尺寸。

更特别的,是052D发射巡航导弹的能力。据美国环球战略网透露,中国新研制的东海-10巡航导弹,有效射程在1500-2500公里之间,毁伤能力超过“战斧”巡航导弹。此前,这款导弹只装备093攻击型核潜艇,水面舰艇装备这一系统,还是头一回。

从“辽宁”号上起飞的歼-15,携带空地导弹的攻击距离不过1500公里左右,因此,从052D上直刺青天的巡航导弹,其打击范围比航母舰载机更大。


中华神盾舰的出现,首先显示了中国在国产先进舰载相控阵雷达系统的进步,但意义绝非如此简单。日本早就领先中国研制了世界上第一种舰载主动相控阵雷达。“中华神盾”的真正贡献,在于这是一个除美国以外,首个以四面阵全向相控阵扫描雷达、先进垂直发射技术为基础、专门面向大型航母编队作战的现代化舰载战斗信息决策系统,从而证明中国具有最顶层海军体系作战设计的能力,而这种能力显然是日本、韩国所不具备的。

《汉和防务评论》对052D发表分析认为,该舰的总体性能接近伯克级。分析人士称,052D上的有源相控阵雷达(有源阵),在技术上,比美国伯克级、日本金刚和爱宕级驱逐舰的宙斯盾作战系统采用的An/Spy-1D无源相控阵雷达(无源阵),要先进一代。

China has launched the lead ship of its second-generation Aegis destroyer among a new wave of shipbuilding, while the hull number of the country’s first aircraft carrier was also revealed, Chinese online news portals reported.

According to major online military news sites such as Netease, the newest destroyer was launched in a shipyard in Shanghai at the end of August. As the most sophisticated combat ships, Aegis destroyers are commonly referred to as air-defense destroyers equipped with phased array radars and modern ship-to-air missiles, which enable the ships to provide regional air defense shields for the entire fleet.

Meanwhile, photos released by the news portals showed that China’s first aircraft carrier, a carrier hull bought from Ukraine and overhauled by the Chinese navy, was painted with the hull number “16.”

The carrier may be named after Liaoning Province, as the giant ship was overhauled in Liaoning’s Dalian shipyard, the Shandong-based Qilu Evening News reported on Tuesday, adding that the hull number suggested the carrier is one step closer to being commissioned.

The new type destroyer is the highlight in the second wave of massive shipbuilding after 2000. After an interval of about seven years, a total of six follow-up ships of the first-generation Aegis destroyers have been launched in very short intervals since the end of 2010, with at least one already being commissioned this year, according to Modern Ships and other military magazines on the Chinese mainland.

“The mass production of the Aegis destroyers shows that after seven years of sea trials and evaluations of domestic radar and missile systems, the first -generation Aegis destroyers have matured,” Lan Yun, editor of Modern Ships, a Beijing-based military magazine, told the Global Times.

The first wave of shipbuilding after 2000 saw the complement of four modern destroyers, among which were the lead and second ships of the first-generation Aegis destroyers dubbed as type 052C, with hull numbers 170 and 171, which were commissioned in 2005.

“Judging from the photos released, the lead ship of the second generation Aegis, presumably type 052D, seems to have a bigger main gun and 64 missile vertical launch tubes that are compatible with several types of missiles,” Lan said, noting that the new type of destroyer is more fit to escort the carrier battle group.

“We’ll see more ships of the 052D class coming,” he said.

Rear Admiral Yin Zhuo told China Central Television in a recent interview on Sunday that the Chinese navy’s equipment will witness major improvements in the near future.

据台湾中国邮报12月25日报道称,第二艘052D导弹驱逐舰图片在互联网上的出现,在中国大陆引起了有关这款最先进军舰已经做好下水准备的猜测。

台媒称,据湖北电视台报道,图片中的052D导弹驱逐舰悬挂有中国国旗,这一点再加上其他一些特点,表明该舰已准备好下水。该台报道表示,中国在证实军舰存在之前向互联网用户发布其先进军事武器图片的情况是不寻常的。

台媒称,据评论员张斌称,052D导弹驱逐舰的下水是中国海军建设的一个里程碑,因为它会向其他国家,特别卷入钓鱼岛冲突的日本,发出含蓄的警告。在提到12月16日日本自民党党魁安倍晋三在大选胜利后称日本对钓鱼岛的主权无可争议时,张斌表示,052D导弹驱逐舰的下水会迫使安倍晋三在未来类似主权声明中采用更为缓和的言辞。张斌认为,052D导弹驱逐舰的图片在安倍晋三发出这种言论后现身互联网并非巧合。

例如,9月25日中国首艘航母“辽宁”舰的图片现身互联网,就是在美国国防部长帕内塔访华不久后。11月5日,中国隐形战机歼-31的图片现身互联网,而当时中日钓鱼岛纠纷正酣。美国总统奥巴马访问三个东南亚国家——包括中国的近邻缅甸与柬埔寨——不久后,中国歼-15战机成功在航母上着舰的图片就出现在互联网上。

作为052C导弹驱逐舰的后续型号,052D驱逐舰被誉为中国版的“宙斯盾”舰。该舰配备有64具垂直导弹发射管,可快速发射防空、反舰和对地攻击导弹。